Saturday, September 14, 2019

Industrial Relations Essay

Introduction †¢ relations which are the outcome of the employment relationship in an industrial enterprise †¢ every industrial relations system creates a complex of rules and regulations to govern the work place and work community †¢ main purpose: to maintain harmonious relations between labour and management by solving their problems through collective  bargaining †¢ the government/state shapes industrial relations with the help of law, rules, agreements, awards of the courts Historic Facts †¢ The concept of industrial relations was developed with the industrial revolution †¢ Prior to this it was considered master and servant relationship †¢ The workers were considered and treated like any other  commodity which could be easily purchased and replaced †¢ Wages and conditions of services were poor and this situation was not only in India but also in England and other European countries †¢ The term Industrial Relations comprise Industry and relations. Objectives †¢to improve economic conditions of workers in the present scenario of industrial management and political government †¢to avoid Industrial Conflicts and develop harmonious relations †¢to raise productivity to a higher level †¢to reduce strikes, lockouts and gheros by providing better wages and improved living conditions and fringe benefits to the workers †¢encouraging the sense of ownership among workers for Industries †¢to enhance government control over units and plants that are running under losses or  where production has to be regulated in public interest †¢improved Industrial Relation will protect the interest of labour and well as management. Three partners †¢ Trade Union: Trade unions try to protect interest of workers, they insist upon the development of cultural and educational qualities of there members. †¢ Employers & their organizations: They try to protect the interest of employers, to create healthy industrial atmosphere, so that the objectives of the organization may be achieved. They try to get full co-operation of workers for achieving this objective. †¢ Government: The government plays an important role in establishing better industrial relations. Government passes various laws to protect the interest of both employers and employees. Causes of poor Industrial Relations †¢ An attitude of contempt towards the workers on the part of the management †¢ Inadequate fixation of wages or improper wage structure †¢ Indiscipline †¢ Unhealthy working conditions at the workplace †¢ Lack of human relations skills on the part of supervisors and managers †¢ Desire of workers for higher bonus, wages or daily allowances †¢ Desire of employers to pay as little as possible to its workers Cont.. †¢ Inadequate welfare facilities †¢ Dispute on sharing the gains of productivity †¢ Retrenchment, dismissal and lockouts by the management †¢ Strikes by the workers †¢ Inter-union rivals †¢ Mental inertia on the part of the management. Industrial Disputes Introduction ââ€" « conflicts, disorder or unrest arising between workers and employers on any ground ââ€" « Such disputes finally result in strikes, lockouts and mass refusal of employees to work, until resolved ââ€" « harm both parties employees and employers ââ€" « always against the interest of both employees and the  employers Principles assigned by courts for  judging the nature of disputes †¢ The dispute must affect large number of workmen †¢ The dispute should be taken up by the Industry Union †¢ The parties involved in dispute must have direct interest †¢ The consulted demand must become grievance †¢ Workmen can raise Industrial Dispute himself under Section 2A of Industrial Disputes Act -1947 Forms of Industrial Disputes †¢ The Industrial Dispute can arise in any of the  following form given below: ââ€" « Strike ââ€" « Lockout ââ€" « Gherao Strike †¢termination of work †¢refusal to work of any number of persons will result to a strike †¢if workers are going on mass casual leave under common  understanding this will also result in strike †¢the workmen on strike must be employed in an ‘industry’ which has not been closed down †¢the relationship of employers and employees continues even though in a state of suspension Lockout †¢ Section 2(1) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 defines â€Å"lockout† to mean the temporary closing of a place of employment or the suspension of work, †¢ Or, the refusal by an employers to continue to employ any number of persons employed by him, †¢ lockout, thus, is the counterpart of strike – the corresponding weapon the hands of employer to resist the collective demands of workmen or to enforce his terms †¢ the suspension of work as a disciplinary measure does not amount to lockout †¢ temporary suspension of work called lay-off is not lock-out Gherao †¢ Gherao means encirclement of the managers to  criminally intimidate him to accept the demands of  the workers. †¢ As per the oxford English Dictionary: ââ€" « Gherao means a protest in which workers prevent  employers leaving a place of work until demands are  met.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.